If you’re interested in radio and are looking for a new hobby which can bring you hours of education, socializing and fun, ham radio is well worth getting into. People of all ages talk on ham radio around the globe. Ham radio is portable and you can set it up literally anywhere you can imagine. During times of emergency, it can be incredibly useful and may even save lives.
If you are thinking about buying a ham radio, there are a lot of features you will need to evaluate in order to make the best purchase decision. We have saved you some time by putting together a comparison table for the top ham radios.
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- 1 What is a Ham Radio?
- 2 Ham Radio Benefits
- 3 Licensing Requirements
- 4 What Is a Transceiver?
- 5 Frequency
- 6 Power
- 7 Bands
- 8 Memory Slots
- 9 Backlit Display
- 10 Programming
- 11 User’s Manual
- 12 BaoFeng BF-F8HP: High Power, Low Price
- 13 Yaesu VX-8DR: a Super Durable Ham Radio For Survivalists
- 14 TYT MD-380: Excellent Quality Speakers
What is a Ham Radio?
“Ham” radio is also known simply as amateur radio, and it is exactly what it sounds like. It is the private noncommercial use of designated radio frequencies. Ham radio can be used for socializing, experimenting with wireless communication, emergency communication, and more.
Ham radio is an incredibly diverse world. If you get into this hobby, you will meet people of all ages and nationalities—colloquially known as “hams.” The 23-year-old plumber down the street might be a ham—but so might the 52-year-old CEO who lives uptown. Her 10-year-old son may also be a ham enthusiast.
Ham radio operators communicate through many different means. While voice is obviously most common, they may also use Morse code, radio teletype, packet, PSK, and even pictures.
Ham Radio Benefits
Why is ham radio exciting? Here are some of the top reasons cited by ham enthusiasts:
- It is a fascinating hobby if you are interested in radio and communication technology.
- You can communicate from literally anywhere in the world, even the peak of a mountain or the middle of a desert.
- Ham radio is incredibly useful during emergencies. Ham radio operators can coordinate rescue and supply missions when other communications fail.
- You get to join a community of more than two million users around the globe.
Licensing is a requirement for Ham radio, but the process has been streamlined over recent years. It is now easier than ever to get involved and progress up the rungs.
There are three types of licenses currently offered:
- The Technician License. This is the entry-level license. To obtain it, you must pass one examination with 35 questions. You get access to all frequencies over 30 megahertz as well as some HF band privileges. For the most part, you can communicate domestically and locally.
- The General License. This license requires you pass another 35-question exam, and allows you to take part in international communication. The Technician License is a prerequisite.
- The Amateur Extra License. You must pass a 50-question exam for this license. It confers all operating privileges on all modes and bands. The General License is a prerequisite.
What Is a Transceiver?
A transceiver is quite simply a transmitter and receiver combined into a single unit. The majority of modern radios fall under this category, including ham radios.
The ham radio frequencies you are permitted to use depend on which of the licenses above you have under your belt. Not all radios work with all frequencies, so make sure that you buy one which will offer you the frequencies you want to access.
Most handheld ham radios are limited to around five watts of power; you may find higher-powered options if you choose a base model. If you purchase a handheld, make sure it has high- and low-power settings you can manually adjust as per your needs.
For emergency communications, you will generally be using the two-meter ham band. The 440 MHz band is another that you will likely make plenty of use of. There are a couple of band-related features you may want to consider. One is dual band, which allows you to monitor two frequencies at the same time. Another is general coverage. This feature allows you not only to use ham radio bands, but also pick up AM, FM, and TV frequencies. Advanced features for bands include SSB and CW (Morse code).
If you are going to be communicating locally and/or for emergencies, you may get away with a few dozen memory slots, as you would typically find in older and smaller ham radios. If however you will be using your ham radio for national or international communication, weather, or other applications, it is smart to purchase a model with 100-200 memory slots.
If you will be using your ham radio at nighttime or in dim environments, you may want to purchase a model that includes a backlit display. Remember, emergencies sometimes happen in the dead of night. If the power goes out, you may be stuck operating in the dark. You should have the option to toggle the display light on and off so that you can conserve power when you do not need it.
This is the ability to manually program the CB radio. Most models allow you to do this using a keypad and the CB radio display. Some newer high-tech models include a cable you can hook up to a computer. This gives you access to programming software which makes it a lot easier to input what you want.
Usually when you purchase a new product, the quality of the user’s manual isn’t the top thing on your mind. But with ham radio, it is actually very important. Ham radio does have a learning curve, and if you are a beginner, you will need as much guidance as you can get.
Even if you are a ham radio veteran, you may still sometimes hit a button by mistake and find yourself in a mode you do not want to be in. Rather than having to experiment to get the radio back into the mode you want, it is helpful to be able to flip to a user manual which will tell you quickly and easily how to get back to regular operation.
Unfortunately a lot of these manuals are written overseas and may be in poor English—not something you want to be struggling with to understand a technical device. A good idea before purchasing any ham radio is to download the manual online and check it out. If you like the radio but not the manual, run a search to see if there are user groups that can help you online or in your area.
BaoFeng BF-F8HP: High Power, Low Price
If you’re looking for a budget handheld ham radio, check out the Baofeng BF-F8HP first. Surprisingly, even though it’s inexpensive it’s quite powerful. The speakers and mic are quite good. Plus, it’s compatible with any uv5r ham radio accessory.
- Lots of power. With this little device, you get 7.4 watts of power on VHF and 6 watts on UHF.
- Compatible with all wide range of accessories. The BF-F8HP can use any uv5r ham radio accessory.
- Built in flashlight. This feature allows the BF-F8HP to function as an emergency radio.
- Inexpensive price. For the amount of features you get, the BF-F8HP is surprisingly cheap.
- Improved audio quality. BaoFeng listened to customer feedback it received after the debut of the UV-5R. Incoming signals are easy to hear and loud.
- Improved antenna. The antenna that comes with this ham radio is quite effective.
- Large, customizable 3 color display. The display is large, bright and easy to read.
- No water resistance whatsoever. If the BF-F8HP gets wet at all, it’ll fry.
- The holes in the plastic case don’t line up with the accessory jacks. You may have to widen the holes with a knife if you want to plug anything in.
Yaesu VX-8DR: a Super Durable Ham Radio For Survivalists
Looking for a portable ham radio that will help you survive a disaster? If so, check out the Yaesu VX-8DR— it’s the armored tank of handheld ham radios. With its ultra durable polycarbonate resin shell, waterproof engineered construction and optional GPS antenna add-on, the Yaesu VX-8DR will help you find your way to safety in the event of a catastrophe.
- Extra tough. With its rugged polycarbonate resin shell, the Yaesu VX-8DR is built to survive major disasters.
- Survives water submersion. This ham radio can last for up to 30 minutes when submerged in 1 meter of water.
- Optional GPS. If you get the optional GPS antenna addon, you can broadcast your exact location, altitiude and speed.
- Environmental sensors. This ham radio’s built-in sensors can monitor barometric pressure and temperature.
- Wide frequency range. In addition to standard short-wave frequencies, this ham radio also picks up FM/AM broadcasts, analog TV stations, audio aircraft and public service channels.
- Compass display. The integrated compass shows you what direction you’re headed on the LED display.
- One hand operation. With a few exceptions, one hand is all you need to access most of this portable ham radio’s vast features.
- Though the manual that comes with this ham radio is very well written, it’s also quite thick and takes a long time to read.
TYT MD-380: Excellent Quality Speakers
The MD-380 by TYT shines when it comes to audio performance. Voices come in extra clear through its high quality speakers. Its microphones perform well too, and its built-in wind reduction system kicks in when you use this device outside. For even greater clarity, switch you can switch to digital mode.
- Awesome audio quality. The audio quality that you get with the TYT MD-380 is quite impressive.
- Color display. Most handheld ham radios have a monochrome screen, but this one boasts a full color LCD display.
- Choose digital or analog mode. The TYT MD-380 makes it easy to switch between digital and analog operation.
- Good menu system. This portable radio’s menus are easy to navigate and use.
- Water resistant. Because it can survive rain, you can take the TYT MD-380 with you when you go camping.
- Sends text messages. When in digital mode, you can communicate via text.
- Comes with accessories. In addition to the TYT MD-380 itself, you also get a battery, a belt clip, a desktop charger, a programming cable and two different antennas.
- If you want to use TYT’s free software to program this handheld ham radio, you need a Windows compatible PC.